Answer all questions. One point is given to each question. Total of 100 marks.


1.             Many children face the problem of

I               parental divorce and separation

II             working parents

III            language and culture

IV            loneliness


A.            I & II

B.            II & III

C.            III & IV

D.            All of the above.


2.             Poverty, finance, and social problems are found in what school setting?

I               urban

II             suburban

III            rural

IV            desert


A.            I & II

B.            II & III

                C.            III & IV

                D.            All of the above


3.             What is the most important strategy a school can employ to encourage parental involvement?

  1. home based activities
  2. provide child care for young children not yet in school
  3. positive interactions and encouragement from the teacher
  4. scheduling meetings around parents’ schedule.


4.             Corporal punishment is also known as

  1. suspension
  2. spanking
  3. expulsion
  4. detention


5.             An effective induction programme can help protégés to:

I               develop an understanding of their organization: its systems and structure, its values and ethos and its politics.

II             clarify their new job and role.

III            make relationships within their organization more quickly.

IV            make them more confident and efficient.


A.            I & II

B.            II & III

C.            III & IV

D.            All of the above


6.             The progression to become a teacher is linear. Which one is TRUE?

  1. Grand theory ——à Practice
  2. Personal theory —à Practice
  3. Grand theory —à Personal theory —-à Practice
  4. Personal theory —à Grand theory —à Practice


7.             Why must teacher education be reinvented?

  1. Construct of schooling
  2. Indentifying school development stages
  3. Produce an excellent teacher
  4. The complexity of the enterprise may be revealed.


8.             Which of the following aspects contribute to the professional development of teachers?

                I               School regulations

                II             Management styles

                III            School expectations

                IV            Professional organization


  1. I & II
  2. I, III & IV
  3. I, II & IV
  4. I, II, III & IV


9.             Which of the following is TRUE about the teachers’ work?  It is shaped by a series of

I               interconnected influences

II             intersecting influences

III            contradictory influences

IV            external influences


A.            I & II

B.            II & III

C.            III & IV

D.            All of the above


10.           A way of speaking that is highly specific to a family’s particular context is called a __________

  1. restricted code
  2. elaborated way
  3. ‘blanky’ for blanket
  4. narrative styles


11.           Poverty is often associated with __________ in terms of support networks in times of crisis.

A.  ethnic diversity

B.   ill health and vulnerability

C.   different family cultural expectations

D.   teachers


12.           Teachers need to have an understanding of the __________ of their students` profiles.

I               Background

II             Knowledge

III            Skills

IV            Attitude

A.            I & II

B.            II & III

C.            III & IV

D.            All of the above.


13.           Which of the following statements is NOT TRUE concerning boys?

A.            boys read less than girls

B.            boys like to read magazines

C.            boys like to use their reading to swap facts and figures about sports heroes

D.            boys are much higher users of video games


14.           Girls are much more likely to read magazines that focus on which types of narratives?

A.            biographies

B.            stories

C.            interviews

D.            all of the above


15.           Many gifted children become underachievers because

A.            they do not study well

B.            they wish to fit in with their peers

C.            they become lazy and unmotivated

D.            they have been ignored by their teacher



16.           Students’ behaviour are considered to be good when

A.            they have been sitting quietly with straight backs

B.            they concentrate when the teacher is teaching

C.            they keep quiet when teacher is talking

D.            they raise their hands before asking a question


17.           Various ethnic groups tried to provide education for their children by

  1. establishing their own schools
  2. sending them to private schools.
  3. Educating them in culturally relevant ways.
  4. all of the above


18.           Which kind of intelligence put forward by Gardner specifies the ability to reason about propositions, make inferences, calculate, quantify and carry out complex mathematical operations?

A.            Linguistic

B.            Logical-mathematical

C.            Spatial

D.            Bodily kinesthetic


19.           Gifted children need social and emotional support from

A.            family

B.            community

C.            educational contest

D.            everybody


20.           Below is the  definition of learning, EXCEPT

  1.         Learning encompasses the plethora of idea
  2.         Learning may be conceived in changing the behaviour
  3.         Learning help us to be critical in our thinking
  4.         Learning is useless and not practical


21.           Which behaviorist proposed a four-stage theory of intellectual or cognitive development?

A.            Piaget

B.            Locke

C.            Skinner

D.            Vygotsky


23.           The way students use language will depend upon

  1.         their natural linguistic talent
  2.         parents’ linguistic genetic
  3.         their interest in the particular language
  4.         how language is used at home


24.           Class, culture and gender influence a child’s

  1.         sense of humour
  2.         sense of identity
  3.         sensitivity
  4.         mental and physical development


25.           Team teaching is one of the ways of reculturing and restructuring school, where

  1.         the teachers teach a group of students in the first few years of secondary  


  1.         the teachers provide the opportunity for children to work with others of

                various ages

  1.         a teacher works with at least one other teacher and shares responsibility for a

            group of students

  1.         the teachers, school support personnel and students work together in teams


26.           A teachers’ interpersonal skills include

                I               listening to what students have to say

                II             respecting students as persons

                III            not humiliating students in front of the class

                IV            being relaxed, able to laugh


  1.         I, II & III
  2.         I, II & IV
  3.         II, III & IV
  4.         I. II, III & IV


27.           These are the strategies for teachers to enhance their students’ self-esteem, except

  1.         treat students with respect
  2.         provide chances for real choices
  3.         solicit their views and preferences
  4.         praise them excessively


28.           What is the main reason for developing a positive environment?

  1.         to persuade students to be hardworking
  2.         to maximize the learning opportunities to all students
  3.         to influence the way they study at home
  4.         to avoid illegal habits among students


29.           All these are good ways of setting up a classroom, EXCEPT

  1.         ensure that the lighting is adequate
  2.         allow sufficient room between desks
  3.         ignore any physical disabilities between class members
  4.         check the size of desks and chairs


30.           The school is referred to as

  1.         a place of learning
  2.         a learning community
  3.         a place for working together
  4.         a place to meet people


31.           In every classroom, teachers will no longer be the sole `expert knower’ in their classrooms. This is the result of

                A.            sociocultural changes

                B.            multiliteracy

                C.            school  process

                D.            technological changes


32.           Learners in a changing world of teaching and learning must become

  1. transformative, possessive and creative
  2. creative, positive and active
  3. transformative, creative and innovative
  4. active, possessive and innovative.


33.           Teaching is exciting because it is always

  1. challenging
  2. unpredictable
  3. forever changing
  4. boring


34.           Direct instruction is most closely related to what learning theory?

                A.            cognitive

                B.            constructivist

                C.            behavioural

                D.            observational


35.           Student-centered approaches appear to do all of the following except

                A.            improve students’ attitudes toward learning

                B.            emphasize basic skills learning

                C.            increase motivation

                D.            help students develop social skills


36.           When students are engaged in a problem solving activity an effective teacher  will

                A.            guide students to the correct answer.

                B.            use examples from their own life to help students solve the problem.

                C.            motivate students by offering a prize for the one who finds the correct answer


                D.            encourage students to come up with creative ways to approach the problem.


37.           The following are skills and attitudes identified as characteristic of an effective teacher EXCEPT

  1.         resourcefulness

B.           attentiveness to others

C.           ability to collaborate and communicate with others

D.           working in isolation


38.           A teacher’s work has become more complex and more difficult because of ___________


            I          economic rationalism

            II         a rapid rate of change in the community at large

            III        more responsibility for individual or broader social problems

            IV        public criticism of education.


A.            I, II & III

B.            II, III & IV

C.            I, III & IV

D.            I, II, III & IV


39.           The five strategies that you can use to maximize your learning from your practical experiences are:

I               reflecting on your learning.

II             nurturing your self-esteem.

III            understanding the context within which you are working.

IV            cultivating collaborative work practices.


A.            I, II & III

B.            I, II & IV

C.            I, III & IV

D.            I, II, III & IV


40.           Which of the aspects are beginning teacher most unprepared ?

A.            Concerns about management

B.            Answering students question

C.            Deal with parents with unrealistic expectations of what she could do for  their child

D.            The demands of planning and programming


41.           Why does planning for teaching need to consider diversity?

I               Students have different types of needs

II             Students learn at different rates

III            Students have different interests

IV            Students are lazy to learn


A.            I & III

B.            II & IV

C.            I, II & III

D.            I, II, III & IV


42.           The best way to help students take more responsibility for their learning is

A.            not involving them in the planning process

B.            engaging them in the planning process

C.            not engaging students in setting their goals

D.            acting passive in the planning process


43.           What is interpersonal communication?

                 A.           Engagement in a conversation with at least one other person.

                 B.           Engagement in an internal dialogue

                 C.           Engagement in a conversation which only consists of our own selves

                 D.           A communicative skill that does not need to be engaged by teachers


44.           Learning to be independent and learning to work with others are advantages of

                A.            ability groups.

                B.            cooperative groups.

                C.            whole group instruction.

                D.            individual, independent activity.


45.           Which of the following will affect the quality of interactions?

                I               self–esteem of sender and receiver

                II             cultural differences

                III            social environment

                IV            physical environment


                A.            I only

                B.            I , II & III

                C.            II, III & IV

                D.            I, II, III & IV


46.           All the following are cited as ‘roadblocks’ to communication EXCEPT               A.            Judging

B.            Preaching

                C.            Praising

                D.            Labeling


47.           To manage a conflict effectively we need to

A.            use our interpersonal skills in the order of listening first and then asserting our need or position.

                B.            be scared and intimidated of the person we are confronting

                C.            be aware of the problems and consequences we will be facing 


                D.            be more angry towards your rival


48.           Teachers and administrators in rural areas tend to be

                A.            more experienced and higher paid than their counterparts.

                B.            less experienced but higher paid than their counterparts.

                C.            more experienced but lower paid than their counterparts.

                D.            less experienced but well paid than their counterparts.


49.           What do teachers need to develop in classroom management approaches?

        A.            Develop own approaches based on their own philosophy of teaching 

                  and learning.

        B.            Develop strategy to overcome students’ problem at home.

        C.            Develop students with great personality.

        D.            Develop characteristics according to what students require of them.


50.           The challenging classroom behaviour includes …

                                 I.          student disrespect

                               II.          inattentiveness

                             III.          poor social skills

                            IV.          complete homework

A.            I, II & III

B.            I, II & IV

C.            I, III, & IV

D.            II, III & IV


51.           All the statements below are true, EXCEPT:

  1.         most suburban family focus on test scores and entrance into college.
  2.         suburban schools vary in their makeup and education approach.
  3.         most beginning teachers are afraid to be in settings at suburban


  1.         the changing nature of suburban communities will affect educational



52.           Who are involved in assessing student learning?

             I                  Teachers                                 

             II                External people

             III               Learners                                 

             IV               Parents


             A.               I & III

             B.               III & IV

             C.              I, III & IV

             D.             I, II, III & IV


53.           All of these explain ‘formative assessment’ EXCEPT

             A.       limited growth                                

             B.       ongoing

             C.       improvement in learning 

             D.       developmental in nature


54.           Who particularly face difficulties in analysing learning in the classroom?

             A.       Expert teachers                                               

             B.       Principal

             C.               Beginning teachers                                 

             D.       Students


55.           Why do teachers find it difficult to give students’ report to the parents?

A.           Because it is not important in parents’ mind

B.            It may lead to a child being punished by their parent

C.            Parents will accuse teachers of not teaching their child professionally

D.            Because teachers are afraid of students’ threats



56.           Samples of student’s work can be used

A.            As assessment for other students.

B.            To reflect upon the effectiveness of the teacher’s work.

C.            To show students’ understanding.

D.            To show student creativity.


57.           Which of the following is true about ethics or laws?

  1.         Ethics are determined and enacted by Parliament
  2.         Laws are not enforceable and punishable
  3.         Ethics are in a sense beliefs in the correct or right way of doing things
  4.         Ethics are enacted or enforced in our society


Response to questions 58-60 are based on the following paragraph:


“Teachers with good conduct, positive outlook and __(58)__, ready to uphold the country’s aspiration and heritage __(59)__, ensure individual development and caring for cohesive society, democratic, __(60)__ and discipline”.


58.           The most suitable word for __(58)__ is:

A.            creative

B.            innovative

C.            specific

D.            scientific


59.           The most suitable word for __(59)__ is:

A.            cultural

B.            intellectual

C.            artistic

D.            harmony


60.           The most suitable word is __(60)__ is:

A.            caring

B.            professional

C.            progressive

D.            productive


61.           The Teacher Education Philosophy emphasizes on the following components EXCEPT

A.            personal and professional qualities

B.            healthy individual and society

C.            academic, skills and competencies

D.            professional, academic, individual and social development.


62.           Which clause of the 1996 Education Act indicates a provision for preschool education to become part of the National Education System?

A.            Clause 5

B.            Clause 10

C.            Clause 15

D.            Clause 20


63.           The 1996 Education Act highlights the following:

I               It strengthens the National Education System

II             It strengthens the National Language

III            It improves the Islamic Education

IV            It improves and widens the scope of Special Education.


A.            I and II

B.            II and III

C.            III and IV

D.            I, II, III and IV.


64.           Request from parents of indigenous students to teach their language can be entertained if the number of students in the indigenous group is:

A.            15

B.            16

C.            17

D.            18


65.           Head of Inspectorate empowers the __________to act on his behalf.

A.            Malaysian Director General of Education

B.            State Education Director

C.            Pro Chancellor of a particular university

D.            Minister of Education


66.           According to the 1996 Education Act, the national primary school is known as ________

                A.            National School

B.            National Primary Type School

C.            National Type School.

D.            Government Aided School


67.           The Chief Registrar (Registrar General) can decline an individual to register as a teacher if:

I               She/he is less than 18 years old.

II             She/he produces false or confusing statement in his/her application

III            She/he has mental or physical disability or any form of sickness

IV            Non-citizen


A.            I, II & III

B.            I, II & IV

C.            I, II, III

D.            I, II, III & IV


68.           Private schools are required to teach:

I               The National language

II             Malaysian study

III            English language

IV            Islamic study


A.            I & II

B.            II &  III

C.            I & IV

D.            I, II, III & IV


69.           Which of the following is not included in the opening statement of the Education Statute 1995 (Education Act 1996)?

A.            Knowledge is the saviour of a race.

B.            The education mission is to produce world class education system

C.            There is fairness in educational opportunity

D.            Education enables Malaysian society to acquire knowledge, skills and good values.


70.           The Education Act 1996 was approved by parliament in:

A.            December 1993

B.            December 1994

C.            December 1995

D.            December 1996


71.           According to the Education Statute 1995, every level and type of school or educational institution is required to follow the National Education System except:

                A.            Government school

B.            Government Aided school

C.            Expatriate school

D.            Non-National school


72.           Registration of an educational institution can be provoked on the following grounds:

I               Meet the health and safety standard

II             Discipline is not guarded properly.

III            Registration was obtained by mistake or by false or confusing statement

IV            False or confusing statement was made when promoting the said institution


A.            II, III & IV

B.            I & IV

C.            II & IV

D.            III and IV


73.           When a teacher realizes that information given by parents regarding their home environment or their children is privileged information and will not disseminate the information to others except to the appropriate authority, the teacher plays his/her responsibility towards his/her:                                      

                 A.           students

B.            community

C.            parents of their students

D.            educational organization.


74.           One of the teacher’s responsibilities towards the community and his/her country is:

A.            to avoid disseminating wrong teaching that can jeopardise the students’, community or country’s interest.

B.            to avoid accumulating information not related to subjects being taught.

C.            to avoid helping students gather their personal file from the school administration.

D.            to avoid discussing with students concerning issues related to school rules and relations.


75.           To teach effectively, a teacher should have the following attitude and professional qualities:

I               curiosity

II             basic knowledge

III            likes to do communal activities

IV            loves reading


A.            I, II & III

B.            II, III & IV

C.            I, II & IV

D.            I, II, III & IV


76.           The following statements, describe activities conducted by an effective teacher, EXCEPT:

A.            gives 40 minutes lecture to his/her students

B.            conducts discussion using small group activities

C.            copies notes on the blackboard so that it could be copied by his/her students

D.            does not plan the teaching objectives in order to promote creativity.


77.           In which career cycle can a mentor effectively help a new teacher?

A.            Pre-service

B.            During induction (early teaching career)

C.            During career stabilization

D.            During career exit.


78.           Strategies that help teachers overcome burn out include all of the following EXCEPT

A.            returning to school

B.            changing schools

C.            joining a teacher organization

D.            working on an innovation


79.           An expert teacher is said to have a system or a reservoir of knowledge, which can be used to solve problems in the teaching and learning processes.  A novice teacher will encounter problems, which they have to relate to other facts in relations to the wrong answers from the students, while an expert teacher will perceive the wrong answers from the students:

A.            as a means of categorizing a group of poor and advance learners

B.            to gather data on different types of answers given by the students   

                and try to find the best method to overcome the problems.

C.            as a medium to understand the students based on the respective behaviours

D.            as a way to understand the problems of diversity in the classroom.


80.           Shulman (1987) identified seven aspects, which he categorized as professional knowledge that novice teachers should possess and learn to make them experts in the subjects they teach.  Among those aspects are

I               knowledge of the curriculum of the subjects they are teaching

II             knowledge regarding aims and goals of teaching

III            teaching strategies which are appropriate to pupils’ backgrounds

IV            criteria of the students’ cultural backgrounds.


A.            I, II, III

B.            II, III, IV

C.            I, III, IV

D.            I, II, III & IV.


81.           One of the challenges that a teacher would face is to diversify his/her teaching style to suit the students’ needs and backgrounds.  Different methods of teaching will include the following teaching techniques EXCEPT

A.            cooperative teaching method

B.            mastery teaching method

C.            teaching method based on product process

D.            memorization teaching method


82.           Which of the following is the personal quality of a teacher?

A.            Sense of humour

B.            Dedication

C.            Leadership

D.            Positive attitude towards learning.


For Questions 83-86, match the types of excellence to the given explanations.


                                Types Of Excellence                                                              Explanation


83.           Personal Excellence                                 A.            Always proactive, creative and



84.           Work Excellence                                     B.            Always able to mobilize all

                                                                                                                resources  efficiently and

                                                                                                                carefully in carrying out tasks

                                                                                                                and responsibilities


85.           Potential Excellence                                 C.            Many books have been written

                                                                                                                on the subjects being taught


86.           Excellence in Research                            D.            Focuses on close relationships.


87.           An Integrated Teacher Education Programme comprises of:

A.            an Induction Programme for beginning teachers

B.            a Preservice Teacher Education Programme

C.            a  Preservice Teacher Education Programme, followed by an Induction Programme for beginning teachers, followed by an inservice teacher education programme and continuing  professional development programme.

D.            Staff Development Programme in schools.


88.           Becoming socialized into the teaching profession means that

A.            preservice teachers are introduced to practicing teachers.

B.            preservice teachers understand what they should know and be able to do in their profession.

C.            preservice teachers are taught how to merge content with pedagogy.

D.            preservice teachers learn to work with parents and other community members.


89.           The purpose of setting standards is to

A.            insure that teachers are trained in pedagogy

B.            insure funding from state governments

C.            encourage high academic performance

D.            encourage good behaviour


90.           Academic freedom for teachers includes the right of teachers to

A.            teach what they want

B.            use any teaching materials they deem necessary

C.            criticize the schools where they work.

D.            refuse to use required texts they deem unacceptable.


91.           Student diversity has forced educators to talk about

A.            dropouts

B.            poverty

C.            educational equality

D.            handicaps


92.           The theory that believes that learners construct knowledge by incorporating new information into existing information is

A.            behavioural

B.            observational

C.            cognitive

D.            constructivism


93.           Managing a classroom is more complex when which of the following is taking place?

  1. a question-answer session
  2. whole-group instruction
  3. small-group discussions
  4. independent practice


94.           The relationship between a mentor and the beginning teacher is that of a

                A.            critic

                B.            assistant

                C.            evaluator

                D.            role model


95.           A positive teacher-student relationship is most important because

  1. it can positively impact students’ academic achievement
  2. it is important for students to think of you as their friends
  3. it helps the teacher’s relationship with his/her peers
  4. it fulfils the need every teacher has to be liked.


96.           Choosing to be a teacher is not an easy path to take.  It involves

  1. encourage good behavior
  2. knowing  different types of skills
  3. attributes and understanding of the teaching profession
  4. having more interaction with other teachers and students


97.           Teaching is feminized and equated with

  1. mothering
  2. fathering
  3. parents
  4. children


98.           Which of the following is TRUE about teaching?


                I               preparing for excursions and lessons

                II             setting assessment tasks

                III            settling disputes

                IV            attending parents and citizen meetings


  1. I & II
  2. I, II & III
  3. I, II & IV
  4. I, II, III & IV


99.           Which of the following is NOT TRUE?


  1. Being a teacher means being an instructor
  2. Teachers are arbitrators, accountant, nurses, stock clerks, judges, guides, investigators, and navigators
  3. Teaching is a demanding profession
  4. Teachers have to be activist professionals and imaginative problem solvers.


100.         Some of the activities that teachers do while in the school are the following EXCEPT


  1. Engage in curriculum planning
  2. Had been in conference with a school counselor
  3. Comforting a child who was disturbed about events outside school
  4. Playing golf with professional golfers.







ANSWER ALL QUESTIONS. Please circle the correct answers



1.             Who are involved in assessing student learning?

                        A. Teachers                                     C. External people

                        B. Learners                                      D. All of the above 


2.             All of these explain ‘formative assessment’ except

                        A. Limited growth                                           C. Ongoing

                        B. Improvement in learning             D. Developmental


3.             Which of the following is TRUE about ‘educative assessment’?

                        A. Continual growth                       C. Ongoing

                        B. Improvement                                              D. Developmental


4.             Who particularly face difficulties in analysing learning in the classroom?

                        A. Expert teachers                                           C. Beginning teachers 

                        B. Principal                                     D. Students


5.             Students’ learning are described in ways that rank and sort them in relation  to

 their ________________

                        A. Peers                                                          C. Parents

B. Teachers                                     D. Principal


6.             The value of knowledge depends on its ________________.

                        A. Correctness                                                C.  Satisfaction

                       B. Reputation                                   D.  Exactness 


7.             Torrance and Pryor (1998) identify two conceptually distinctive approaches that they refer to as _____________ and ____________ processes.

             A)  convergent, assessment                                        C)  divergent, assessment       

             B)  convergent, divergent                           D)  assessment, improvement


8.             Black and William (1998a) identified the key weaknesses of formative classroom assessment as the following except

                A)  Concentrating on recall of isolated details.

                B)  The grading function is under-emphasized and the learning function is


                C)  Teachers do not generally review the assessment question.

                D)  de-motivated and lose confidence in their capacity to learn.


9.             The student must also want to undertake the challenging work of  _____________

                A)  self-evaluation                               C)  self-assessment 

                B)  self-centered                                      D)  self-comparative


10.           A series of close-to-the-classroom cases on teaching and learning was developed by ________________ on 1996.

                A)  Louden and Wallace                          C)  White and Johnson

                B)  Black and William                             D)  Willis and Kissane


11.           How many per cent of students agreed that their own or their friends’ mark had been made publicly available?

                A) Over 10 per cent                                                C) Over 30 per cent

                B) Over 20 per cent                                 D) Over 40 per cent


12.           All of the following places have been allocated on the basis of comparison, EXCEPT?

                A) University places.

                B) A year 12 class in one of Sydney’s Western suburbs.

                C) Placement in selective school.

                D) Classes for gifted and talented students.

13.           Across Australia there is now a strong trend to test all students in the state school system on aspects of what?

i)                     Art

ii)                   Numeracy

iii)                  Literacy

iv)                  Science

A)      i & ii

B)      ii & iii

C)       ii & iv

D)      All of the above.


14.           What are the purposes of the educative assessment?

i)                     giving the sufficient information regarding their decisions to the learning of the students

ii)                   to engage in an interactive way with their students

iii)                  important to know about the quality of the provisions that they have made

iv)                  for their learning

v)                   aimed at teachers and at learners in classrooms

  1. i & ii
  2. ii & iii
  3. iii & iv
  4. All of the above


15.           The idea that suggests that a number of advocates for Outcome Based Education (OBE) have trivialised the conceptualization of the strategy was held by

  1. John Dewey
  2. William Spady
  3. Thomas Jefferson
  4. David Berliner


16.           An example of a departure from this regime is Queensland, with its reconceptualisation of the following except

  1. Curriculum
  2. Assessment
  3. Pedagogy
  4. Discipline


17.           A significant and often neglected factor in determining how to assess leaning is   

  1. The assessment of what the student already knows and is able to make it
  2. Student’s perceptions about their ability to learn may be affected
  3. The strategies used to present subject matter and assess it
  4. Social distance between students and teacher


18.           Gardner (1983, 1989) has proposed that teachers have at least seven intelligences. Three of them are

A.    Interpersonal, body kinesthetic, friendly

                B.  Body kinesthetic, linguistic, art

C.  Logico-mathematical, musical, spatial

D.  Musical, spatial, living skills


19.           Elliott, Illushin and Willlis argue that reporting to parents is important. What is the importance of the report?

  1. Maintaining student self-esteem led to distortion and misinformation

B.  To make the parents punish their child

C.    To report about bad manners of their child in school

            D.        To build the best interaction between teachers and parents


20            Why do teachers find it difficult to give the report to the parents?

A.    Because it is not important in parents’ mind

B.   It may lead to a child being punished by their parent

C.   Parents will accuse teachers of not teaching their child professionally

D.   because teacher are afraid about the students’ threats


21.           Teacher gather evidence of learning by

  1. Closely observing learners at work
  2. Discussing with learners their goal outcomes
  3. Studying the products created by learners and the processes used in their creation
  4. All of the above


22.           Portfolio assessment is

A.  Founded upon teachers and students making judgement about learning        based upon a rich array and variety of evidence

B.  Material demonstration of learning

C.  A part of normal classroom work

D. Important to stress keeping a learning portfolio


23.           Using a variety of data sources, auditory and visual as well as powerful word-processing programs, student are able to

  1. Investigate and comment upon their learning as well as demonstrate what has been achieve
  2. Be cumulative so that each entry adds value to the emergent picture of a student’s growth and development
  3. Guard against merely gathering bits and pieces
  4. Be utilised to inform parents of the achievement 


24.           Which of the major areas of documentation of student learning in support of progress map is focused upon by The Australian Council for Education Research?

A.  Portfolio assessment

B.  Performance assessment

C.  Project assessment

      D.  All above


25.           Electronic portfolios are increasingly being used

A.  to encourage learners to consider their learning strategies

B.  as students find themselves quite comfortable with the process

C.  in the home

D.  to celebrate and reflect upon learning




26.What are the factors and conditions of knowledge–creating schools, according to Hargreaves?

A )  A culture of, an enthusiasm for, continual improvement.

B )  A strong awareness of the preferences of key stakeholders.

C )  Coherent but flexible planning.

D )  All of the above.


27.What is evaluation?

A )  Is a process that allows school professionals to gather evidence in an orderly      


B )  Is solely about placing a value on things.

C )  Singular and formed by individuals.

D )  All of the above.


28.All of the following are about opinion, except

A )  Singular–formed by individuals.

B )  Is solely about placing a value on things.

C )  A value that has been carefully arrived at based upon evidence gathered.

D )  Explain about how good, how bad, and how appropriate.


29.The decision that is related to the curriculum, resources, and overall management is the

A )  Individual decision.

B )  Policy decision.

C )  Decision taken to colleagues.

D)   All of the above

30.Much of funding that is received by many schools comes from

A )  Commonwealth government programs.

B )  Ministry of Education.

C )  Parents and Teachers Association.

D )  Big companies.


31.How did National School Network (NSN) set up a study of curriculum and assessment in the context of ‘reculturing’ across three schools?

A )  Using a practitioner enquiry model.

B )  Using a facilitated practitioner enquiry model.

C )  Using a basic practitioner enquiry model.

D )  Using an effective practitioner enquiry model.


32.Which of the following is not the way to justify the changes that we have made in planning for evaluation?

A )  Analysis of school documentation.

B )  Conversation with three staff members, taking account of gender and teaching experience.

C )  Test result to prove success

D )  Taped interviews with principal and executive.


33.The measurement theory ‘triangulation’ is usually applied in

I.              Analysis data

II.            Surveying

III.           Boating

  1. Evaluation

A )  I, II, III

B )  I and II

C )  II and III

D )  All of the above


34.The best way to analyse and interpret evidence is through

A )  Collecting evidence

B )  Students questionnaires

C )  Evaluation

D )  Observation


35.All of the following are ways that change the  impact upon classroom practices and student learning outcomes expect

A )  Parent focus group discussion.

B )  Student questionnaires and focus group discussions.

C )  Jointly developed classroom portrayals, including instances of teaching and learning.

D )  The use of achievement testing.


36.What is the second ethical issue?

A )  Is solely about placing a value on things.

B )  The processes and purposes for collecting evidence.

C )  Is process that allows school professional to gather evidence in an orderly manner.

D )  All of the above.


37.Photographs are used in schools as a form of

A )  Art

B )  Creativity

C )  Celebration

D )  Appreciation towards student


38.The teachers and the students are able to see the school through the eyes of a small group students by using

A )  Photograph

B )  Illustration and written product.

C )  Audio and video recording.

D )  Interviews


39.Samples of student’s work can be used

A )  As assessment for other students.

B )  To reflect upon the effectiveness of the teacher’s work.

C )  To show students’ understanding.

D )  To show student creativity.


40.Who described a study in which children were asked to draw what might be in a lost beg in which drugs were found?

A )  Schratz and Walker

B )  White and Gunstone

C )  Fitzclarence

D )  Maxwell


41.What is another useful illustrative device, while not strictly figurative?

A )  Writing

B )  Concept map

C )  Drawing

D )  Story


42.All of these matters deserve time and thought, and contribute to the variety of study except

A )  Evaluation must be carefully planned.

B )  Evaluation questions should be linked to the evidence to be collected.

C )  Wherever possible, the collection of information should be embedded in the daily work of the school.

D )  The evidence must be not too purposefully and systematically collected.


43.According to Maxwell (1992) fundamental tenets about validity in qualitative enquiry are

A )  Prescriptive validity

B )  Analysis validity

C )  Practical validity

D )  Evaluative validity


44.__________ deals with the meanings given to events by the various participants and stakeholders.

A )  Theoretical validity

B )  Descriptive validity

C )  Generalisability validity

D )  Interpretive validity


45.Evaluation is about

A )  Forethought

B )  Being focused

C )  Strategic

D )  All of the above




46.Which of the following are NOT true based on the code of ethics of teaching?

  1. respect
  2. punctual
  3. integrity
  4. diligence


47.In relation to students, teachers need to

  1. Accept responsibility for improving student learning in all curriculum areas
  2. Demonstrate conditional respect for the uniqueness and dignity of each individual student
  3. Work to ensure that children are discriminated against on the basis of gender, age, race, religion, language, culture or national origin
  4. Use their influence as teachers to indoctrinate students in their personal, political and social values


48.Which of the following is true about ethics or laws?

  1. Ethics are determined and enacted by Parliament
  2. Laws are not enforceable and punishable
  3. Ethics are in the sense beliefs in the correct or right way of doing things
  4. Ethics are enacted or enforced in our society


49.There are several implications of a code of ethics. The implications of a code of ethics are listed below, except

  1. Ethical dilemmas
  2. Legal issues
  3. Professional misconduct in education settings
  4. Parents, caregivers and families


50.In a code of ethics for teaching, all the teachers need all the things below to make effective decisions in relation to students

                           I.      Treat all children justly and equitably

                         II.      Provide programs that are responsive to their need

                       III.      Be loyal to and supportive of them

                      IV.      Accept responsibility for improving students learning in all curriculum areas

  1. I and IV only
  2. II and III only
  3. I  and II only
  4. I, II and III only






51.According to Katz (1978), code of ethics is beliefs about

  1. What is expedient rather than right
  2. What is good simply practical
  3. What act members must engage
  4. What are the implication of such code


52.In relation to students, teachers need to

  1. Treat all children equally
  2. Use their influence to indoctrine students
  3. Intimidate or harm them psychologically
  4. Disregard child’s development


53.___________ have no clear correct answers or solution

  1. Implication of code of ethics
  2. Community and society relationship
  3. Code of ethics
  4. Ethical dilemmas


54.Which of the following was NOT supported by McBurning-Fry

  1. Ethics are quite different from rules or laws
  2. Ethics encompasses a range of values relating to morality
  3. Ethics are not enacted or enforced in our society
  4. Ethics are in a sense belief in the ‘correct’ or right way of doing things


55.What the factors that Mc Callum found regarding educator’s decisions not to report suspicions of child abuse and neglect?

  1. a lack of school structure
  2. lack of experience with teaching and with child protection matters
  3. personal issues for educators in relation to child abuse and individual cases
  4. the perceived associated increased in educators’ workloads


  1. I and II
  2. II and III
  3. II, III and IV
  4. I, II, III, and IV


56.The following factors influence educators’ decisions not to report according to Mc Callum’s decisions around reporting or not reporting suspicion of child abuse and neglect, except

  1. Lack of school structures
  2. Personal issues for educators in relation to child abuse and individual cases
  3. Afraid of being charged legally or summoned if report proves wrong
  4. The perceived associated increase in educators’ workloads


57.Professional misconduct by students engaged in professional experience may also encompass behaviors followed, except:

  1. Behaves in a disgraceful manner that prejudices the good name of the university
  2. Harasses members of the professional setting in which the student is placed
  3. Make physical contact with students especially primary school students
  4. Refuse to follow reasonable directions of those in authority in the professional setting


58.According to McBurney-Fry, what can we say about ethical issues and legal issues

  1. Laws are both enforceable and punishable  ethics are in a sense beliefs in the correct way of doing things
  2. Laws are enacted by Parliament, ethics are enacted by citizens
  3. Laws and ethics are both enforced in our society
  4. Laws are associated with criminal and civil issues, ethics are associated with professional practice


59.What is the code of ethics?

  1. The application of an evaluative framework to the  objects of study
  2. A set of statements that helps us to deal with the temptations inherent in our occupations
  3. A way of learning about ourselves and the effect our behavior has on others
  4. A plethora of ideas and concepts


60.What is the purpose of the code of ethics?

  1. As a guide line to achieve the target
  2. Help to interpret the present and help to avoid repetition of past mistakes
  3. To provide standards by which to judge educators’ conduct
  4. To examine what forms of classroom practice contributed to more equitable student outcomes


61.Which of the following is cited as an internal factor affecting how a teacher makes decisions in the classroom?

  1. Syllabus and whole-school programs
  2. Background of the students
  3. Self efficacy
  4. The weather


62. __________ characterized planning by using mapping metaphor.

  1. Nicoll
  2. Spady
  3. Bandura
  4. Labone


63.Which of the following is NOT identified as one of the behaviour problems in Kinder and Wakefield’s (1996) study?

  1. Difficult relationship with teachers
  2. Bullying
  3. Boring lessons
  4. Money problems


64.__________ initiated most of the early research into the burnout phenomenon in the helping professions.

  1. Dobbin
  2. Burns
  3. Oxley, Howard & Johnson
  4. Maslach and Jackson


65.All of the sentences about harrasment are true except

  1. Harrasment is unwanted and uninvited behaviour
  2. Harassment maybe unwelcome conduct
  3. Harrasment is a code of ethics that guide the teacher in dealing with student
  4. Harrasment is one of the matters that have been discussed in antidiscrimination and law.







FRIDAY 8.5.2007: 30 MINUTES


ANSWER ALL QUESTIONS. Please circle the correct answers


1. “Children construct meanings in pre-existing social structures that limit how we and they should think feel.” What is the condition of power that is suitable for this situation?

  1. Power of position
  2. Power of marketplace
  3. Power of pre-existing cultural meanings
  4. Power of expectation


2. When displaying work, what do you need to do?

  1. Make sure all the children get their work displayed (not only the ‘best’)
  2. Display work in all curriculum areas
  3. Change displays regularly
  4. All of the above


3. Which is an example of effective learning?

  1. Computer and print material
  2. Desks and chairs
  3. Charts and posters
  4. All of the above


4. All of the following are important considerations for teachers who want to increase learning through active participation except

  1. developing the students’ confidence
  2. fostering positive images
  3. creating supportive learning environments
  4. building a realistic self-concept


5. Class, culture and gender influence a child’s

  1. sense of humor
  2. sense of identity
  3. sensitivity
  4. mental and physical development


6. Team teaching is one of the ways of reculturing and restructuring school, where

  1. the teachers teach a group of students in the first few years of secondary school
  2. The teachers provide the opportunity for children to work with others of various ages
  3. A teacher works with at least one other teacher and shares responsibility for a group of students
  4. The teachers, school support personnel and students work together in teams


7. The school leaders often experienced tension between

            i. individual goals and group goals

            ii. group goals and peer goals

            iii. unity and diversity

            iv. community and diversity

  1. i and ii
  2. i and iii
  3. ii and iii
  4. ii and iv


8. The following statements are ways to develop a united class, except

  1. skills of effective communication are taught and practiced
  2. allow children to sit with their own friends and form their own gangs
  3. encourage children to say good things to each other
  4. use language that develops a sense of cohesion, for example, ‘our classroom, we, us’


9. Which of the following is (are) the requirement(s) to develop class cohesion?

  1. Teacher models democratic, inclusive practices that teach learners to be actively involved in their own learning
  2. Social skills, skills of working collaboratively and in groups must be taught among the children
  3. A genuine ‘learning partnership’ must be established
  4. All of the above


10. A teachers’ interpersonal skills include

            i. listening to what students have to say

            ii. respecting students as persons

            iii. not humiliating students in front of the class

            iv. being relaxed, able to laugh

  1. i, ii and iii
  2. i, ii and iv
  3. ii, iii and iv
  4. i, ii, iii and iv


11. These are the strategies for teachers to enhance their students’ self-esteem, except

  1. treat students with respect
  2. provide chances for real choices
  3. solicit their views and preferences
  4. praise them excessively


12. What is the main reason for developing a positive environment?

  1. to persuade students to be hardworking
  2. to maximize the learning opportunities to all students
  3. to influence the way they study at home
  4. to avoid illegal habits among students


13. The ways to get close to students include

            ii talk to them personally

            ii. observe the students

            iii. meet the students’ parents

            iv. treat students equally

            v. conduct interesting surveys to know more about them

            vi. get them to meet you at least once a week

  1. all of the above
  2. i, ii, iii, iv and v
  3. i, ii, iv, v and vi
  4. iv, v and vi


14. According to Lippitz and Levering, if students want to know their teachers, teachers should

  1. tell everything about themselves
  2. hide behind the profession
  3. present themselves as persons
  4. mix the facts to show the teachers are good models


15. Which of the following are not guidelines to building positive relationships?

  1. Convey a warm and positive image. Smile and make direct-eye contact
  2. Know yourself
  3. Deliberately share something personal when introducing yourself
  4. Don’t apologize when you are wrong or when you make mistakes


16. All of the following are useful strategies for teachers to utilize as beginning teachers in the class, except

  1. find out what the class rules are and what their basis is. Stick to them all the time.
  2. notice positive behaviours and let the students know you have noticed
  3. Behave personally and emotionally
  4. Say that your expectations are the same as those of other teachers or state clearly what yours are


17. According to Collinson and Killeavy, caring teachers

  1. use multiple sources of knowledge
  2. structure their classes to encourage oral and written dialogue
  3. create conducive classrooms atmosphere
  4. all of the above


18. All these are good ways of setting up a classroom, except

  1. ensure that the lighting is adequate
  2. allow sufficient room between desks
  3. ignore any physical disabilities between class members
  4. check the size of desks and chairs


19. The school is referred to as

  1. a place of learning
  2. a learning community
  3. a place for working together
  4. a place to meet people


20. Shared beliefs, customs, attitudes and expectations of teachers in a school best defines

  1. school environment
  2. school traditional
  3. school principle
  4. school culture




21.       Below is the range definition of learning, except

  1. Learning encompasses the plethora of idea
  2. Learning may be conceived in changing the behavior
  3. Learning help us to be critical in our thinking
  4. Learning is useless and not practical


22.       Learning occurs through many ways, except

A   Experiences

B   Communication

C   Plagiarism

D   Practice


23.       Schema may be……..

A   Retrieved using cues that act as triggers or catalysts

B   Overall unifying idea or pictures

C   Additional realization that some learning happens by imitation and modeling

D   Learning concept or intellectual skills requires the learner to develop hierarchies of learning


24.       Which behaviorist proposed a four-stage theory of intellectual or cognitive development?

A.   Piaget

B.   Locke

C.   Skinner

D.   Vygotsky


25.       Thinking, according to Vygotsky……..

A   Must be understood as a process embedded in social relationships and cultural practices

B   Is important for students to perform tasks before they are intellectually ready to do so

C   Is originally external to the individual and gradually internalized

D   Takes place as the individual acquires language


26.       From the lists below, choose the approaches that have aimed to provide for the diverse needs of classroom learners

                                                              i.      Peer mentoring

                                                            ii.      Establish learning centers in the classroom

                                                          iii.      Curriculum differentiation

                                                          iv.      Multi-age classes

  1. i and ii only
  2. ii, iii and iv only
  3. i and iv only
  4. All of above


27.       Which one of the persons listed below was involved in constructing models of curriculum differentiation?

  1. Sigmund Freud
  2. Howard Gardner
  3. Ivan Pavlov
  4. Burrhus Frederick Skinner


28.       The statements below describe the establishment of learning centers in the classroom. Which one is not true?

  1. It can be established with a range of open-ended, problem-solving activities and the resources to undertake these tasks
  2. Students my need to undertake an experiment and record or listen to tape and write response
  3. Students can work on games, manipulate tasks individually, in pairs or small groups
  4. Students are forced to be involvee in these activities


29.       Bell (2002) reports on the success of the Scaffolding Literacy Programme that was implemented at Kudariya Community School. The programmed incorporates 

A. Listening, reading, writing and speaking.

B. Reading, writing, spelling and speaking.

C. Writing, spelling, calculating and reading.

D. Speaking, reading, writing and experimenting.


30.       Students in the middle years of school, are frequently defined as

A   between Years 5 and 7

B   between Years 7 and 10

C   between Years 6 and 9

D   between Years 5 and 10


31.       What is the overriding need for the teacher to develop a relationship with his/her students in which students feel confident?

A   taking risks and making mistakes

B   explore the nature of the learning environment

C   consider the intellectual needs of the students

D   structure a positive learning context


32.       All the following are cited as the approaches to curriculum design except

A   a rational or means-end approach

B   a process approach

C   a critical approach

D   a concrete approach


33.       Linked to a rational means-end approach is the separation of knowledge into three domains except

A   cognitive

B   affective

C   psychomotor

D   psychodynamic


34.       __________ writes “the central problem of curriculum study is the gap between our ideas and aspirations and our attempts to institutionalize them.”

  1. Smyth
  2. Stenhouse
  3. Habermas
  4. Carr


35.       The idea that focused on integrated approach to preschool education was put forward by:

  1. Toni Noble
  2. Howard Gardner
  3. Reggio Emilio
  4. Mitchell


36.       Which of the following was not supported by Reggio Emilio?

  1. Teacher as a researcher
  2. Teacher constantly observing her student
  3. Teacher providing support
  4. Teacher criticize the school where they work


37.       Recent topics for multi-age investigations have included

  1. Museum
  2. Life
  3. Death
  4. All the above


38.       What is an important consideration when designing curriculum experiences?

A. Internal factors

B. Inclusively

C. Naturalistic

D. Spatial

39.       Which of the following is related to learning centers?

A. Can be established in the classroom with a range of open-ended problem solving activities

B. Activities for special students only

C. Occur across ages

D. Students work at their own pace


40.       Eight key learning areas that identify education in curriculum documents in English, include

A. Health

B. Arts

C. Physical Education

D. All the above


41.       Below are the approaches to curriculum design except…

  1. A process or a procedural approach
  2. A rational or means-end approach
  3. A transactional approach
  4. A critical approach


42.       Why is the critical approach acceptable rather than the other two approaches?

  1. Because it is misleading to polarize the two, as many teachers would see the merit in both approaches according to the specific learning experience being implemented
  2. It’s approach to teaching and learning incorporates and transcends the first two models and provide a more inclusive framework
  3. It locates and situates issues within teaching and schooling so as to go beyond simple cause-effect connections
  4. It includes more than ‘a plan of content, activities, methods and outcomes’


43.       Below is the reason why the procedural approach to teaching and learning has been criticized. Choose the correct answer.

                                                  i.      It is interpreted as a weak or approach to the process

                                                ii.      Little attention is being paid to required knowledge necessary for the student at a particular age or stage

                                              iii.      Lack of predetermined steps which lead to confusion

                                              iv.      Lack of directions in these approaches

  1. i,ii, & iii
  2. ii,iii,& iv
  3. i,iii, & iv
  4. i,ii,iii, & iv


44.       Which of the following of Brian Camborne’s condition for successful language learning are true?

  1. Immersion or involvement in the process being learnt
  2. Importance of modeling or demonstrating what is to be learnt by a more experienced learner
  3. The need for joint construction or scaffolding of the process with the learner as an apprentice
  4. The expectation that the learner will succeed in learning to talk, that is, children learn to talk by talking
  5. All the above


45.       The way students use language will depend upon

  1. Their natural linguistic talent
  2. Parents’ linguistic genetic
  3. Their interest in the particular language
  4. How language is used at home and in their local communities


46.       Which of the following statements are true?

  1. Learning will not happen unless the whole person is engaged in the making of learning
  2. Every child begins school with ‘ linguistic capital’
  3. Teachers need not provide explicit learning experiences that will provide opportunities for all learners to extend their use and understanding of language in ways that will enhance their learning as well as their growth as individuals
  4. Only some students need opportunities to develop the full range of their intelligences as well as to discover their own particular learning strengths


47.       The elements of teaching practice that are advocated to address new challenges are?

                                      I.      Situated practice

                                   II.      Critical framing

                                 III.      Overt instruction

                                IV.      Literacy practice

  1. I, II
  2. I, II, III
  3. I, II, IV
  4. All of the above


48.    Different kinds of literacy are at work in different ___________ contexts.

                                   V.      Cultural

                                VI.      Social

                              VII.      Progressive

                           VIII.      Professional

  1. I, II
  2. I, II, III
  3. I, II, IV
  4. All of the above


49.    What does transformed practiced provide?

  1. Ensure that learners understand the purpose behind a particular piece of communication
  2. Teach explicitly to help learners understand the patterns in different ways of communicating and making meaning
  3. Provide opportunities for learners to apply new understanding in authentic context
  4. Understanding and interpretation of the multiple layers beneath the surface


50.    Educational change and school reform is an interactive and complex process. It  anticipates change along the following dimensions except?

  1. the use of materials and resources
  2. participation in learning communities
  3. approaches to teaching and learning
  4. teacher belief and assumptions about teaching and learning
  1. Julai 14, 2012 at 1:42 pm

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  2. September 14, 2012 at 8:35 pm

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  10. Februari 10, 2013 at 11:34 am

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  11. Februari 28, 2013 at 11:56 pm

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  12. Mac 15, 2013 at 8:19 pm

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